The Communist Party of China (CCP) rules the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and holds the title as the second largest political party in existence. As the sole governing party within the Middle Kingdom, it retains an immense amount of power and exercises a great amount of control over state apparatuses.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the CCP took its place as the world’s most powerful communist party. According to the PRC's constitution, the party must adhere to Marxist-Zedong ideologies, along with several more modern concepts that have been integrated into the nation’s binding document since Mao’s death.
Although China has made significant strides towards becoming more acceptable to western powers, the country remains a dictatorship. In the late 1980s, the People’s Liberation Army sought to squash pro-democracy protests across the country. The Tiananmen Square massacre, the most popular of the uprisings, resulted in roughly 3,000 casualties. In 2008, several hundred protestors and rioters were executed without trial in the Tibet Autonomous Region. China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region has suffered under the wrath of the CCP for decades, with muslims being singled out for harsh treatment. The number of victims in this region remains unknown, although some counts place the execution toll well north of 7,000 a year.
Across the PRC, these have been significant breaches of privacy as a result of the CCP’s policies. The harassment, imprisonment, and surveillance of political opposition, religious activists, lawyers, journalists, and writers has noticeably increased in recent years as a result of Xi Jinping's concentration of power. Furthermore, courts and judges are unable to present any degree of impartiality, as they are required to do the bidding of the CCP or face devastating consequences.
Last updated on Saturday, July 4, 2020.